27 May Tahdhīb al-aḥkām (Arabic: تَهذیب الأحکام) is a collection of hadiths by Abu Ja’far Muhammad b. Hasan al-Tusi (d. / ) known as Shaykh. Tahdhib Al-Ahkam on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Tahdhib Al-Ahkam at Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users.

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As a traditionist, he naturally had an interest in the men who related traditions, in his Kitab al-rijal, he tries to list most of the important Shi’ites. During this time al-Shaikh al-Tusi was closely associated with al-Sharif al-Murtada. There he first studied under al-Shaikh al-Mufid, who died in A. Fanaticism against the Shi’a was great. His body was buried in a house there, which was made into a mosque as he had enjoined in his will.

According to Bahr al-‘Ulumwith this book a scholar of fiqh does not usually need to refer to any other collection of hadiths; a feature lacked by the rest of the Four Books. His career marks the climax of a very great period in Shi’ite Islamic scholarship and learning.

An example is the discussion of the method of performing ritual ablutions, there quotations are made from Arabic verse to support the Shi’ite version of rubbing the feet instead of washing them.

This work is included among the four books of Shia Islam. According to viewpoint of Ali Nasiri, Shaykh Tusi authored this book basis on the six phases: Aykam, Tahdhib al-ahkam contains 21 parts or books of fiqh, and the ones mentioned in al-Fihrist are combinations of parts contained in Tahdhib al-ahkamal-Nahaya and al-Istibsar. Ibn Idris cited a selection of hadiths in Tahdhib at the end of his al-Sara’ir.


However, it was al-Shaikh al-Tusi’s arrival which was to give that city the impetus to become the leading centre of Shi’ite scholarship. The most important source of Tahdhib is al-Kafi by al-Kulayni.

Tahdhib al-Ahkam | Revolvy

In addition, he was the leading Shi’ite theologian of his time. At this time many of the ‘ulama’ in Baghdad, both Sunni and Shi’ite were killed. Other people have mentioned other commentaries on the book, such as those of Shaykh Tahrhib al-Ahsa’iMir Damad and Jami’ al-hawashi. This is a role, which it has maintained down to the present day.

As well as writing works of a general theological nature, he also wrote specific works on individual topics. Shama’il Muhammadiyah Shamaail Tirmidhi.

Great Shi’i Works: ‘Tahdhib al-Ahkam’ and ‘Al-Istibsar’ by Al-Tusi

New Encyclopedia of Islam: It had begun with al-Kulaini, whose al-Kafi, while not the first collection, was certainly the first major collection based on the early works of usul.

It is a remarkable picture of tradition and shows that, whatever the vagaries of individuals may have been, leading Shi’ite scholars had a clear and consistent view of their traditions. Of these, only Maladh al-akhyar by ‘Allama al-Majlisi has been published, which is a complete exposition of Tahdhib in 16 volumes.

However, he makes it clear in his introduction that his work would only concern the furu’ of Islamic law, i. Tahdhib al-ahkam counts as the most important source of ijtihad for Imamiyya in virtue of its containing much more hadiths in comparison with the rest of al-Kutub al-Arba’a the Four Books.


Tahdhib al-ahkam (book)

Tahdhib al-ahkam contains hadiths about the laws of sharia, providing ahkqm hadiths required for ijtihad or inquiry about such laws. Introduction to Hadith 2nd. Therefore, the book was written with two different methods that differ in their elaboration as well as in the way they cite hadiths. Thus the original intention of al-Tusi had been to write a commentary on al-Muqni’a of al-Mufid. Tahdhib al-ahkam was the first book authored by al-Shaykh al-Tusiin which no other works by him is cited, but this book is frequently cited in the rest of his work.

Tahdhib al-Ahkam – Wikidata

Thus it seems that it did not take much time for him to write Thadhib al-ahkam. Thus it implies that the writing of the book started when al-Shaykh al-Mufid was still alive and went on after his death RamadanA. In the appendices al-Tusi makes it quite clear that he is making the comments, for he says: Uyun al Akhbar ar Reda. Enclopediya of Islamic world.

Some of his fatwas in this book are unique to him or are held by few other scholars. He mentions that these differences were being used against the Shi’a by their opponents as an argument against the truth of Shi’ite beliefs.