Introduction Meaning Of The Word ‘Caliph’ The word ‘Caliph’ is the English form of the Arabic word ‘Khalifa,’ which is short for Khalifatu Rasulil-lah. Khilafat Rashida is on Facebook. Join Facebook to connect with Khilafat Rashida and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power to share and. KHILAFAT E RASHIDA, IN URDU, WHAT HISTORY OF ISLAM, ISLAMIC HISTORY TELLS, BY FATMAH MAHMAIZ. from fatmah mahmaiz. LIVE. 0.

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A week or two later, around mid July, the Byzantine army arrived.

Khilafat E Rashida

By the mid-7th Century, the Arabs controlled all of Rashidq, including the area that is now the Iranian province of Khuzestan. Their key strength was mobility. The Rashidun Caliphate is characterized by a twenty-five year period of rapid military expansionfollowed by a five-year period of internal strife. After Muhammad ‘s death in CE, his Medinan companions debated which of them should succeed him in running the affairs of the Muslims while Muhammad’s household was busy with his burial.

O Abu Bakr, rqshida Allah rashidaa Mercy upon you. Your faith was stronger than any other person’s, as was the degree to which you feared Allah. Abu Ubaida held a meeting with his high command officers, including Khalid to decide on future conquests. Khalid marched on to Bosra via the Damascus road. In order to minimize the khilafaf of corruption, Umar made it a point to pay high salaries to the staff. Mohammed Sadique marked it as to-read Oct 27, In the final scale of allowance that was approved by Umar the main provisions were: The merchandise valued at dirhams or less was not taxed.

These cities were laid in according with the principles of town planning. Indonesia, Islam, and Democracy: Eastern Dynasties Emirate of Armenia. The Rashidun army was divided into the two basic categories, infantry and light cavalry. Uthman made Egypt one province and created a new province comprising North Africa. Hussain added it Mar 27, Ali was from the Banu Hashim clan the same clan as Muhammad of the Quraish tribe, and he was the cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad and had been one of his companions from the inception of his mission.


Al-Ghazali believed that oppression by a caliph is enough for impeachment. There were some who held that the amount of the allowance for all Muslims should be the same.

This made the phase of conquest comparatively slower but provided well-organized campaigns. The Rashidun army assembled in Barqa in Cyrenaicaand from there they marched west to capture Tripoliafter Tripoli the army marched to Sufetulathe capital of King Gregory. The caliphate became a hereditary office or the prize of the strongest general after the Rashidun caliphate.

Retrieved 27 February Many Caliphs came later in the Muslim world after the Khulfa -ur Rashideen rizvanullah alehim ajmaeen took their veils to the another world but the Caliphs who came after them in the Muslim world could not ever match the first four Khualfa – ur Rashideen rizvanullah alehim ajmaeen and the last very good and very successful Caliph to come in the Muslim world will be Hazrat Imam Al-Mahdi.

The tax was not supposed to be levied on slaves, women, children, monks, the old, the sick, [65] hermits and the poor. On 22 August Abu Bakr died, making Umar his successor. Remember, I have not appointed you as commanders and tyrants over the people.

Further, after the sermon, Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthman are all said to have given their allegiance to Ali, a fact that is also reported by both Shia and Sunni sources. Finally Umar decided to push his forces to further conquests, which eventually resulted in the wholesale conquest of the Sasanian Empire. Khalid received a call of help from northern Arabia at Daumat-ul-jandal, where another Muslim Arab general, Iyad ibn Ghanmwas trapped among the rebel tribes.

Subsequently, Ali turned towards Basra and the caliph’s army met the army of Muslims who demanded revenge for the murder of Uthman. Before Umar died, he appointed a committee of six men to decide on the next rashifa, and charged them with choosing one of their own number.


Reflect on the Quran and comprehend its verses. Rashidun — Umayyads — Abbasids — Fatimids — Faraz Alam is currently reading it Mar 04, The Kyilafat of Fahl”.

During his campaign against the Sasanian Empire Iraq – and the Byzantine Empire Syria – Khalid developed brilliant tactics that he used effectively against both the Sasanian and Byzantine armies.

Rashidun Caliphate – Wikipedia

Tauqeer Attari marked it as to-read Aug 28, He divided the Muslim army into several corps. This time it was by Mu’awiyakinsman of Uthman and governor of the province of Syria.

Shumaila Zaigham marked it as to-read Mar 31, From that time no serious effort was made by the Byzantines to regain possession of the country. The prisoners taken in the battle informed them about Emperor Heraclius’s final effort to take back Syria.

Then the question arose as to what basis should be used for placing khllafat above others. This army penetrated deeper into Nubia and laid siege to the Nubian capital of Dongola.

The Persians once again concentrated armies to regain the lost Mesopotamiawhile Mithna ibn Haris withdrew from eashida Iraq to the region near the Arabian desert to delay war until reinforcement came from Medina.

The First Ten Steps illustrated ed. Later commentators explain this as a common-sense precaution against over-extension of his khhilafat. This was the last battle khiilafat his conquest of Iraq. After these four, the later Caliphs assumed the manners of kings and emperors and the true spirit of equality of ruler and ruled diminished to a considerable extent in the political life of Muslims. Though neither Ali nor the leaders of the opposing force, Talha and Zubayr, wanted to fight, a battle broke out at night between the two armies.

Perceptions of Seven Eminent Thinkers. Iman Tanveer rated it did not like it Aug 25,