Kalighat Paintings refer to the class of paintings and drawings on hand-made or more usually on machine-made paper produced by a group of artists called. 8 Aug Kalighat Paintings is a form of Indian modern art that is inspired by religious and mythological characters as well as civil life. Bengali scroll paintings and approximately Kalighat paintings and hand- of 80 Kalighat paintings from the V&A collections, toured Indian venues in.

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They would generally mix these colours with water and gum and mould them on a round stone with a granite muller. Wikimedia Painttings has media related to Kalighat painting. These paintings, in fact, were made by artisans of different professions such as potters, stoneworkers, and carpenters.

In order to increase the customer base for their art form, the patuas moved to the urban center of Calcutta. Experts say, that this shift in theme could have been influenced either by the Mughal fascination with fauna or with British, and by extension Western, interest in modern themes.

Various scenes related to the Tarakeswar affair were portrayed in Kalighat repertoire: Jyotindra Jain, the famous art historian and museologist, however has different opinion regarding the artist behind Kalighat paintings. However, the paintings have attained its pinnacle in between and Culture of West Bengal.

The interesting thing in Kalighat painting was the presence of Islamic icons. Since Kalighat Temple was a popular religious destination, people kalifhat buy Kalighat paintings during their regular visits.

Only for ornamentation would artisans use silver and gold. The earliest form of art in Bengal was done on cloth or patas and even paper scrolls kaliyhat scenes from Hindu religious epics like the Rama Charita Manas.

Besides being an art form, it is also used as a modern motif in the creation of fashionable ethnic Indian garments. The Bodleian Library in Oxford holds Kalighat paintings. Kalighat artists used colloidal tin 1 extensively as a substitute of silver to embellish their paintings and to replicate the surface effects of jewels and pearls.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Besides his profession, he is having interest to explore traditional arts and heritages of Bengal. The Kalighat patuas showed an interest in portraying domestic pets which might be an influence of Mughal as well as contemporary British artists.

By the early 19 kaligyat century the Kalighat Temple was a popular destination for local people, pilgrims and certain foreign visitors as well.

Today the practice of Kalighat paintings still continues in the villages of Bengal where the rich traditions are proudly being carried out by the patuas which are being handed down through the generations. The theme of these paintings were mostly mythological characters that later evolved to civil life in Calcutta along with other secular and contemporary themes. One of the most famous art historians in India, Jyotindra Jain believes that there was no separate community of artists and artisans that were invested in the creation of paintinngs Kalighat paintings.

Each member of the family had a particular task in the creation process, based on sex and age. Hence emerged two different styles of the Kalighat painting, the Oriental, and the Occidental, both of which were popular in the country. Music and performing arts. Due to the era in which Kalighat paintings were born, they were created with natural dyes and on easily available materials such as cloth and scrolls. Images of Durga, Lakshmi, and Annapurna were also popular, especially during the Durga Puja festival.

According to Mukul Dey 8 the method of drawing, was very simple and a family affair. This trend continued up to the early part of the twentieth century and these paintings ended up in museums and private collections. In the trial, Nabin was sentenced to life imprisonment and the Mahant was fined and imprisoned for 3 years.

Part of a series on the. They set up institutions that imparted a European style of academic training to Indian artists. They started creating new forms of art and the Kalighat painting was born.

Kalighat Paintings- Modern Art Inspired by Life in Kolkatta

The collection, which numbers about watercolour drawings and paintings, also includes line drawings and hand coloured lithographs. During s, Shyamakanta Banerjee became famous 1 for wrestling with tigers while performing in circuses. This kaliggat was last edited on 26 Septemberat The black ink used for this purpose was made using soot produced by burning an oil lamp under a pot. However, the visitors to Kalighat did not want to buy long scrolls which would take a lot of time to paint.


An important achievement of the Kalighat artistes was that they made simple paintings and drawings, which could easily be reproduced by lithography.

Kalighat painting – Wikipedia

Lady with a Peacock Figure 3: Along with the colours, gum of Bel fruit or crushed tamarind seeds 5 was used as binder. Previous post Next post. The Kalighat School was an agreeable and unique blend of two different styles of painting—the Oriental and the Occidental—and steadily gained popularity. The main distinguishing facet of the Kalighat paintings is the motifs used in them. The Oriental Kalighat paintings depict gods, goddesses, mythological characters as well as scenes from religious Hindu texts.

Kalighat paintings were mainly sold as items of religious souvenir taken by the visitors to the Kali temple. This subject was also reproduced many times in Kalighat paintings. Another theme depicted, dear to the Bengali ethos, was that of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and his disciples.

In Bengal, Victoria Memorial Hall has a collection of 24 Kalighat paintings 5the Indian Museum has in its collection 40 paintings and four drawings of Kalighat style 4 while the Gurusaday Museum holds more than 70 drawings and paintings. Nabin Kills Elokeshi Figure 6: During festivals, the painters would create paintings with a special theme, which was again very popular with the temple goers.

The artists were villagers who travelled from place to place kalighxt their scroll paintings and sang the scenes from kalibhat epics depicted in the paintings during village gatherings and various festivals.

But the Kalighat artists did not restrict themselves to religious themes.